What is CBDA and CBGA?
When you hear the word “cannabinoid,” what names pop up in your mind? We are sure these are CBD and THC. While these two cannabinoids are at the forefront of the cannabis plant, many others perform just well for your health.
The CBDA and CBGA are the two cannabinoids that are very beneficial for health; however, they have not been in the limelight like CBD and THC. But some recent research revealed that CBDA and CBGA can inhibit the COVID-19 symptom. Here in this article, we will walk you through the CBDA and CBGA and their therapeutic benefits besides their potential for COVID-19.
What is CBDA?
CBDA, an acronym for Cannabidiolic acid, is an acidic predecessor to CBD that can be identified in cannabis plants’ stalks, branches, leaflets, seeds, and buds. In simple words, the CBD in its unprocessed version is CBDA, which was once assumed to be medicinally useless.
CBDA is among the highest copious compounds in hemp seed oil. However, it is particularly vulnerable to heat, UV light, and oxygen; therefore, the CBDA oil is kept in the dark, airtight bottles at ambient temperature.
How is CBDA Obtained?
CBDA is converted to CBD by a procedure called decarboxylation, which involves the elimination of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen atoms from the CBDA. When CBDA is decarboxylated, the chemical makeup and pharmacological characteristics of CBDA are slightly altered.
Decarboxylation is caused by heat, light, and oxygen, and it also happens spontaneously over time.
How CBD and CBDA are Different?
They’re both non-psychoactive, which means they won’t make you intoxicated or high. This is because CBD and CBDA do not engage with your endocannabinoid receptors.
Furthermore, CBD and CBDA are believed to work by stimulating the 5-HT1A serotonin receptors in your brain. You are probably aware of serotonin, a crucial chemical in human brains that regulate your emotions, sleeping, anxiety, and even nausea.
Anxiety, stress, inflammatory processes, and a rare condition of pediatric epilepsy have all been linked to CBD. CBD is found in a wide range of health products due to its effectiveness and the fact that it has been examined far more thoroughly than CBDA.
What are the Health Benefits of CBDA?
CBDA and some other acidic variants of cannabinoids are not thought to be medicinally potent, which is why compounds including THC and CBD have been researched far more than CBDA. This implies they do not have the comparable effect on the ECS as their decarboxylated counterparts. Consequently, most studies have concentrated on CBD rather than CBDA.
However, new research indicates that pure CBDA oil has distinct possibilities. CBDA has been shown in one study to be an efficient anti-inflammatory drug.
CBDA was discovered to be more effective than THC in inhibiting COX-2. This agent is created if there is an inflammatory response. According to the research mentioned above, the acidic element of CBDA serves a critical part in its capacity to suppress COX-2.
CBDA was found to be 1,000 times more effective than CBD for its anti-nausea and anti-anxiety actions in a separate investigation. CBDA showed much better effectiveness when contrasted to CBD at suppressing vomiting in shrews and sickness in rodents under this experimental research.
The fact that CBDA is a volatile chemical is a problem whenever it relates to its possible medical applications. If you consider since it decarboxylates slowly even at ambient temperatures, this is clear. At the 2019 CannMed conference, Dr. Raphael Mechoulam, the cannabinoid researcher who initially synthesized THC and CBD, stated his scientific group identified a mechanism to convert volatile CBDA into a much more solid chemical.
Furthermore, CBDA seems to reflect most of the benefits CBD consumers sought, including anti-anxiety qualities and far more.
What is CBGA?
CBGA, also called cannabigerol acid, is the predecessor to all of the other cannabinoids of the cannabis plant. As a result, CBGA is commonly referred to as the “mother cannabinoid.”
CBD and THC are the most prevalent cannabinoids that come from CBGA. However, it also yields the CBN (cannabinol), CBC (cannabichromene), and CBG (cannabigerol), to name a few.
Like CBDA and CBD, the CBG and CBGA are comparable in many ways since CBGA is the acidic version of CBG. Moreover, CBG, on the other hand, lacks a carboxyl group; hence their chemical composition differs slightly.
What are the Health Benefits of CBGA?
CBGA, although scientists know so little of it, might possess some unique properties. There are some science-backed health benefits of CBGA:
Anti-Inflammatory and Antioxidant Effects
The benefits of CBG on an animal model of colitis (bowel inflammation) were studied in a 2013 study. According to the findings, cannabis lowered irritation and the generation of free radicals in the bowel. It also reduced the creation of nitric oxide, a molecule that specialists consider to function in the disease’s progression.
These findings corroborate a 2018 study claiming that CBG has anti-inflammation and antioxidation effects. The scholars have confidence that the molecule could work as a neuroprotectant, protecting neurons from the damaging effects of oxidative pressure.
Potential Assistances for Diabetes
Diabetes is yet another reputed benefit of CBGA. Conferring to a 2018 study, CBG and CBGA, and CBD and CBDA lower the function of aldose reductase. Aldose reductase is a gene linked to numerous diabetes problems.
Additionally, CBGA, CBDA, and CBG were demonstrated to aid lipid metabolism in a 2019 study. Individuals with metabolic problems such as diabetes and dyslipidemia may benefit from this discovery in the coming years.
However, the CBGA investigation is just getting started. More research is needed to determine how this cannabinoid may assist the human body.
Does CBGA Become CBDA?
CBGA is the forerunner to all other cannabinoids, according to scientists. This implies it’s in charge of producing CBD and CBDA, both of which have been linked to various health advantages. As a result, many people consider CBGA the more significant cannabinoid of all.
The chemical cannabidiolic acid synthesis (CBDAS) is involved in converting CBGA to CBDA. Once this molecule is active, it will convert CBGA to CBDA. Since CBDA is the acidic version of CBD, it can further convert to CBD.
It is worth mentioning that All of the compounds produced by cannabis plants are acidic. These compounds endure decarboxylation, transforming them to their higher functional equivalents with time and temperature.
It not only converts CBDA to CBD, yet it likewise converts THCA to THC. The chemicals in cannabis have significantly fewer benefits before decarboxylation. So, the process of decarboxylation is crucial.
Can CBDA and CBGA Help Fight COVID-19?
The COVID-19 has disturbed the lives across the globe and scientists are trying hard to find the cure for the infection, Pertaining that a new study revealed that two chemicals of the hemp plant might have the potential to attack the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, which is causing quite a stir. CBDA, and CBGA, can prevent a key phase in the virus’s infection process.
Scientists from Oregon State University’s Linus Pauling Laboratory identified the two components in molecular testing. The chemicals attach to spiking proteins on the pathogen and inhibit the spiking proteins from connecting to human recipient receptors, blocking the infection from infected individuals.
The scientists employed the SARS-CoV-2 virus’s alpha and beta variants, not the subsequent delta or new omicron variants. However, the researchers are hopeful that it might have the potential for fighting the virus.
CBGA and CBDA have gotten significantly less attention than CBD or THC. On the other hand, these chemicals are necessary compounds of the cannabis plant because all other cannabinoids (from CBGA) and CBD (from CBDA) are derived from it.
CBDA and CBGA are likely to possess their advantages despite being the precursors to the other cannabinoids. These organic chemicals have been demonstrated in investigations to have many health effects.
Even though we are only starting to comprehend these hemp chemical indicators, it is a subject of intense scientific curiosity. Cannabinoids are attracting an increasing number of academics. We will undoubtedly learn a lot more about these in the years ahead.