What is Cannabis Sativa L.?
Did you know that marijuana and hemp belong to the Cannabis Sativa L plant species? Cannabis Sativa is a flowering plant-primarily growing in Europe, Asia and is now grown around the globe for its medicinal effects.
Cannabis Sativa is among the earliest plants that people farmedas its history dates back to at least 4,000 B.C. in Asia, wherein it has been utilized as a fiber, food, and cure for different conditions.
If you are fascinated to learn more about cannabis Sativa L., read this article until the end.
What Is Cannabis Sativa?
Cannabis sativa, alternatively called hemp or marijuana, is a flowering plant within the Cannabaceae genus. Cannabis sativa is innate to warmer climates like Europe, East Asia and South and Central America.
The common consensus is that it gives you a more stimulating and imaginative buzz. At the same time, it can make some individuals nervous. Sativa can also aid persons suffering from anxiety, migraines, nausea, or a decreased appetite.
Cannabis is home to more than 400 phytochemicals, including cannabinoids, terpene and flavonoids.
However, the two main ingredients of cannabis are THC or delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol and CBD-cannabidiol. The THC presence in cannabis is accountable for its psychoactive properties. It is the cannabinoid that induces the “high” sensation after consumption.
On the other hand, CBD is entirely the opposite of THC since it does not induce high sensation while providing the medicinal benefits
THC is more prevalent in Sativa plants than CBD.
Hemp vs Marijuana
It is worth mentioning that both hemp and marijuana belong to cannabis, so they both have the same chemical profiles. However, one key difference is that hemp is CBD-rich cannabis while marijuana is THC-rich cannabis.
What are the Components of Cannabis?
Cannabinoids are a group of more than 120 compounds found in the cannabis plant. Scientists are not clear how every cannabinoid works. However, they do understand quite a lot about THC and CBD. Each offers its unique set of properties and applications. Apart from these two cannabinoids, cannabis also has terpenes responsible for its flavor and aroma:
This is a bioactive cannabinoid that isn’t addictive or euphoric, so you will not get “high” from it. It’s frequently administered to deal with inflammation and pain management. It can also help with nausea, headaches, epilepsy, and anxiety disorder.
It is worth noting that Epidiolex is the only prescribed CBD medicine authorized by the Food and Drug Administration-FDA to treat epileptic seizures in some people. Moreover, Scientists are still attempting to figure out how helpful CBD is for other medical purposes.
The high associated with marijuana and cannabis come primarily from THC. If THC is extracted from the cannabis plant, it will not be intoxicated anymore. Like CBD, THC also boasts many therapeutic benefits such as appetite regulation, treating pain and inflammation and fighting cancer, among others.
Terpenes are chemical molecules that influence the aroma of cannabis, providing a wide range of fruity and peppery aromas. Terpenes are evaluated in aromatherapy for their mood-altering properties, and these can potentially affect your cannabis response. Terpenes’ therapeutic properties are less recognized than cannabinoids’; however, some are potentially effective for pain relief and stress reduction.
What are the Effects of Cannabis?
Short term Effects of Cannabis
Cannabis administration can bring different short-term effects, among which some are good, and some are not.
· Increased appetite
· Enhanced effects of surrounding
· Cognitive impairments
· Increased focus and imagination
Note that these effects are subject to the cannabis product you use. In CBD-rich products, these effects are pretty less than THC-rich products.
Long Term Effects
The studies on cannabis and its effects are in their infancy, and there is a need for more clinical trials to know its impact. However, some preliminary studies showed promising results of cannabis for users.
According to a study published in 2014, cannabis use in teenagers can have a negative effect on brain function.
Based on that study, individuals who begin consuming cannabis in their adolescence have more cognitive and memory impairments than those who don’t begin consuming cannabis in their teens. Though, it is unidentified whether or not these impacts will last.
Those who started taking cannabis before their twenties are more likely to develop mental health problems, such as schizophrenia, later in adulthood. However, experts are divided on the strength of the association.
Cannabis addiction is a possibility for specific individuals. Others suffer from irritation, a lack of appetite, and mood fluctuations when they stop taking cannabis. Individuals that begin consuming cannabis under the minimum legal age are four to seven times higher liable to suffer a cannabis addiction problem than individuals who begin midlife, as per the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
There are many administration methods; however, if you prefer to smoke cannabis, it brings the same risk as smoking tobacco. The airways can get inflamed and irritated due to smoking.
Cannabis has been attributed to bronchitis and is thought to cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD). However, new research has found a minimal sign of a relationship between cannabis usage and lung cancer.
Cannabis is a phrase that is frequently getting adopted to denote marijuana or hemp. Cannabis has various long-term and short-term effects that can be both useful and destructive, irrespective of what you name cannabis.
It is an excellent approach to check with your doctor or physician ahead of time to ensure it won’t conflict with any prescriptions or treatments you’re taking. A professional can also assist you in weighing the therapeutic benefits and risks. Check out Kannastar’s online store that you will find the best hemp products for you.